nba最前线20190208歌曲:2019考研英語基礎階段完型填空練習題(4)

考研考試網 鯉魚小編 更新時間:2018-10-30

       考研英語的完型填空是許多考生的感到頭疼的部分,很多人覺得完型填空的分值不是很多,并不會太重視。但是考研英語復習一定要打好基礎,復習到位。面對如此殘酷的競爭壓力,你真的舍得放棄嗎?下面鯉魚小編為大家分享“2019考研英語基礎階段完型填空練習(4)”,一起來看看吧!
 
Section II Use of English
 
  Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
 
  Health implies more than physical fitness. It also implies mental and emotional well-being. An angry, frustrated, emotionally 21 person in good physical condition is not 22 healthy. Mental health, therefore, has much to do 23 how a person copes with the world as s/he exists. Many of the factors that 24 physical health also affect mental and emotional well-being.
 
  Having a good self-image means that people have positive 25 pictures and good, positive feelings about themselves, about what they are capable 26 , and about the roles they play. People with good self-images like themselves, and they are 27 like others. Having a good self-image is based 28 a realistic, as well as positive, or optimistic 29 of one’s own worth and value and capabilities.
 
  Stress is an unavoidable, necessary, and potentially healthful 30 of our society. People of all ages 31 stress. Children begin to 32 stress during prenatal development and during childbirth. Examples of stress-inducing 33 in the life of a young person are death of a pet, pressure to 34 academically, the divorce of parents, or joining a new youth group. The different ways in which individuals 35 to stress may bring healthful or unhealthy results. One person experiencing a great deal of stress may function exceptionally well 36 another may be unable to function at all. If stressful situations are continually encountered, the individual’s physical, social, and mental health are eventually affected.
 
  Satisfying social relations are vital to 37 mental and emotional health. It is believed that in order to 38 , develop, and maintain effective and fulfilling social relationships people must 39 the ability to know and trust each other, understand each other, influence, and help each other. They must also be capable of 40 conflicts in a constructive way.
 
  21. [A] unstable [B] unsure [C] imprecise [D] impractical
 
  22. [A] normally [B] generally [C] virtually [D] necessarily
 
  23. [A] on [B] at [C] to [D] with
 
  24. [A] signify [B] influence [C] predict [D] mark
 
  25. [A] intellectual [B] sensual [C] spiritual [D] mental
 
  26. [A] to be doing [B] with doing [C] to do [D] of doing
 
  27. [A] able better to [B] able to better [C] better to able [D] better able to
 
  28. [A] on [B] from [C] at [D] about
 
  29. [A] assessment [B] decision [C] determination [D] assistance
 
  30. [A] ideality [B] realization [C] realism [D] reality
 
  31. [A] occur [B] engage [C] confront [D] encounter
 
  32. [A] tolerate [B] sustain [C] experience [D] undertake
 
  33. [A] evidence [B] accidents [C] adventures [D] events
 
  34. [A] acquire [B] achieve [C] obtain [D] fulfill
 
  35. [A] respond [B] return [C] retort [D] reply
 
  36. [A] why [B] when [C] while [D] where
 
  37. [A] sound [B] all-round [C] entire [D] whole
 
  38. [A] illuminate [B] enunciate [C] enumerate [D] initiate
 
  39. [A] access [B] assess [C] process [D] possess
 
  40. [A] resolving [B] saluting [C] dissolving [D] solving
 
  Section II Use of English 答案及解析
 
  21. A
 
  An angry, frustrated, emotionally unstable person in good physical condition is not necessarily healthy.一個易怒的,情緒沮喪的,感情不穩定但是體格很好的人,未必是健康的。
 
  [A] unstable adj. (情緒)不穩定的;
 
  [B] unsure adj. 沒有自信的,不肯定的,不確定的;
 
  [C] imprecise adj. 不嚴密的,不精確的;
 
  [D] impractical adj. 不切實際的;
 
  22. D
 
  要表達“并不一定”、“未必”的意思,通常用not necessarily或not definitely。
 
  23. D
 
  Mental health, therefore, has much to do with how a person copes with the world as it exists.因此,精神健康,和一個人在生活中如何處理身邊的事情,有很大的關系。
 
  have…(nothing, little, much, a lot) to do with…:和……(沒)有(很大的)關系。
 
  24. B
 
  Many of the factors that influence physical health also affect mental and emotional well-being. 很多影響體格健康的因素,同時也影響精神和感情的健康。
 
  [B] influence影響。例:My teacher influenced my decision to study science. 我的老師對我學理科的決定起了影響作用。influence也可做名詞,用法如下:(常與on連用)影響力;感化力。例:My teacher’s influence made me study science at college. 由于我老師的影響,我上大學學了理科。Some women have bad influence upon their husbands. 有些婦女對其丈夫有壞影響。上下文中also一詞提示填空處需要affect的近義詞。
 
  [A] signify①表示;象征;意味。②用動作表示……意思。例:He signified his content with a nod. 他以點頭表示同意。③有關系;有重要性。
 
  [C] predict v. 預知,預言,預報。
 
  [D] mark vt. 做標記于,打分數,標志。由also或affect一詞可以輕易解此題。
 
  25. D
 
  上下文中多次出現這個詞。
 
  [D] mental adj. 精神的,智力的,心智的。和physical相對。一般“精神病”被稱作mental illness。上下文中physical一詞是答案信號。[A] intellectual adj. 智力的,有智力的,顯示智力的。作名詞時意為“知識分子”。[B] sensual adj. 肉欲的,色情的,世俗的,強調“通過感官感覺到的”。[C] spiritual adj. 非物質的,精神的;靈魂的;宗教的;神圣的。和material相對。
 
  26. D
 
  capable of doing為固定搭配。意思相當于be able to do。
 
  27. D
 
  People with good self-images like themselves, and they are better able to like others. 那些對自己的形象有積極認識的人通常很欣賞自己,也更容易欣賞其他人。to be able to的比較級,用to be better able to,其他選項的詞序都不對。
 
  28. A
 
  Having a good self-image is based on a realistic assessment of one’s own worth and value and capabilities. 對自己的形象有積極的認識,是建立在對自己的價值和能力的符合實際的評價基礎上的。
 
  be based on:建立在……的基礎上,它基于句式base A on B(將A以B為基礎)。
 
  29. A
 
  [A] assessment是動詞assess(估計,估算;評估,評價)的名詞形式。
 
  30. D
 
  Stress is an unavoidable, necessary, and potentially healthful reality of our society. 壓力是我們社會中無可避免的,而且有潛在的促進社會健康作用的現實存在。表示“存在的現實狀況”用[D] reality (n. 真實,事實,本體;逼真)。[A] ideality n. 理想,是ideal的名詞形式。[B] realization n. 實現;認識;領會,是realize的名詞形式。[C] realism n.現實主義。
 
  31. D
 
  由第三段的最后一句話:If stressful situations are continually encountered, …可以找到此題答案。People of all ages encounter stress. 各個年齡段的人都會遇到壓力。[D] encounter遭遇,遇到,強調“偶然遇見”;[A] occur vi. 發生,出現;[B] engage vt. 使忙碌,雇傭,預定,使從事于;例:be engaged in…忙于(從事)……。[C] confront①面對;面臨;遭遇。例:to confront danger(勇敢地)面對危險②(與with連用)使面對;使面臨。例:be confronted with crisis面臨?;?。
 
  32. C
 
  由36空所在的句子中:One person experiencing a great deal of stress may function exceptionally well 36 another may be unable to function at a11. 可以找到此題答案。Children begin to experience stress during prenatal development and during childbirth. 兒童在出生之前,以及降臨到世界的過程中都有壓力的體驗。[C] experience vt. 經驗,體驗,經歷,閱歷;[A] tolerate vt. (主觀上努力去)忍受,容忍;[B] sustain vt. 支撐,撐住,維持,持續;[D] undertake vt. 承擔,擔任(也包含“主觀努力”的意思)。
 
  33. D
 
  Examples of stress-inducing events in the life of a young person are death of a pet, pressure to achieve academically, the divorce of parents, or joining a new youth group. 年輕人的生活中,能夠帶來壓力的事件,包括寵物的死亡、學業的壓力、父母的離異,或者加入新的年輕人群體。[D] event來自拉丁語evenire發生,e-出.外+venire來,發生出來的事就是“(比較重大的)事件”。而句子表語部分恰恰羅列了種種較為重大的事件。[A] evidence n. 明顯,顯著,明白,跡象,根據,[物]證據,證物;[B]accident n. 意外事件,(造成一定傷亡或者損失的)事故;[C] adventure n. 冒險,冒險的經歷。
 
  34. B
 
  “學業上取得成就”用achieve。[A] acquire和[C] obtain作“獲得”解時,作及物動詞,后及賓語。[D]fulfill vt. 實踐,實行,完成,達到,側重“履行”之意。
 
  35. A
 
  The different ways in which individuals respond to stress may bring healthful or unhealthy results. 人們對壓力做出的不同的反應方式,可能會帶來有益于健康,或者不利于健康的后果。[A] respond(常與to連用)反應,回報,對……有反應,對……起作用;[B] return vt. 歸還,回報,(經濟)收益;[C] retort v. 反駁,反擊;[D]reply vi. 答復,回擊,報復,答辯,回答。
 
  36. C
 
  One person experiencing a great deal of stress may function exceptionally well while another may be unable to function at a11. 在巨大的壓力下。有的人可能會應對非常自如,但是另一個人就完全無法正常發揮。[C] while此處是一個表示轉折意義的連詞,表示“雖然,但是”。例:You like tennis, while I’d rather read. 你愛打網球,但我愛看書。類似用法的連詞還有whereas。例:Some people like fat meat, whereas others hate it. 有些人喜歡肥肉,相反有些人討厭肥肉。
 
  37. A
 
  Satisfying social relations are vital to sound mental and emotional health. 讓人滿意的社會關系對于良好的精神和情緒健全至關重要。
 
  [A] sound作形容詞意為“完好的,健全的,合理的,明智的”。例:the sound development of a baby(一個嬰兒的健康發育);sound judgment合理(明智)的判斷。[B] all-round adj. 全面的,多才多藝的。
 
  38. D
 
  It is believed that in order to initiate, develop, and maintain effective and fulfilling social relationships people must possess the ability to know and trust each other, understand each other, influence, and help each other. 一般認為,要想建立,發展,并且維持有效而給人滿足感的社會關系,人們必須擁有了解和信任他人,影響他人,及幫助他人的能力。[D]initiate vt. 創始,發起;[A] illuminate vt. 照明,照亮,闡明,說明;[B] enunciate v. 闡明,清晰發言;[C] enumerate v. 列舉。
 
  39. D
 
  上下文中also一詞提示天空處需要be capable of的近義詞,所以possess the ability符合題意。
 
  40. [A]
 
  They must also be capable of resolving conflicts in a constructive way. 他們必須有能力以建設性的方法來解決沖突。
 
resolve和solve都有“解決”之意。例:solve/resolve a problem但resolve可用來表達“評定或平息沖突或爭端等”之意,相當于settle。例:resolve/settle the quarrel in a friendly way(以友好的方式解決紛爭)。此外,resolve還有“決心,決定”之意,相當于decide或determine。例:Parliament has resolved that… (國會決議……);to resolve/be resolved to do… (下決心做……)。
 
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